Journal paper on Data Mining OPtimization Ontology

I’ve been writing here about bits and pieces of the Data Mining OPtimization ontology (DMOP) before (modeling issues, reasoner performance), but there never was something about the whole setting. I’m happy to say that now there is, for the Semantic Web Journal paper about DMOP is in print now and its in-press version is online, waiting in the queue to be assigned a volume [1]. The ontology itself (v5.4) is freely accessible and downloadable in several formats from the dmo foundry.

The paper can be considered the new so-called ‘reference paper’ of the ontology: it describes the rationale, the non-trivial design choices, content, and its use. The abstract sums it up nicely:

The Data Mining OPtimization Ontology (DMOP) has been developed to support informed decision-making at various choice points of the data mining process. The ontology can be used by data miners and deployed in ontology-driven information systems. The primary purpose for which DMOP has been developed is the automation of algorithm and model selection through semantic meta-mining that makes use of an ontology-based meta-analysis of complete data mining processes in view of extracting patterns associated with mining performance.

To this end, DMOP contains detailed descriptions of data mining tasks (e.g., learning, feature selection), data, algorithms, hypotheses such as mined models or patterns, and workflows. A development methodology was used for DMOP, including items such as competency questions and foundational ontology reuse. Several non-trivial modeling problems were encountered and due to the complexity of the data mining details, the ontology requires the use of the OWL 2 DL profile.

DMOP was successfully evaluated for semantic meta-mining and used in constructing the Intelligent Discovery Assistant, deployed at the popular data mining environment RapidMiner.

As two more teasers to lift the veil a bit, the architecture of various related components is shown in the first figure below, and how it is integrated in the RapidMiner Intellgent Discovery Assistant is shown in the second figure.

(source: [1])

(source: [1])

(source: [1])

(source: [1])

Unfortunately, the paper is behind Elsevier’s paywall, but we’re free to distribute to individuals. (If only the copyright stuff question from Elsevier would have come some 1.5 month later, this would not have been the case—things have improved and there are addenda and whatnot so that apparently it could have been put in an institutional repository. But, alas, better next time.) More precisely, the ‘we’ are Agniezska Lawrynowicz (shared first author), Claudia d’Amato, Alexandros Kalousis, Phong Nguyen, Raul Palma, Robert Stevens, and Melanie Hilario, and I.

If you use DMOP, experiment with it, or would like to contribute to its further development, please let us know.

References

[1] Keet, C.M., Lawrynowicz, A., d’Amato, C., Kalousis, A., Nguyen, P., Palma, R., Stevens, R., Hilario, M. The Data Mining OPtimization ontology. Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web. in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.websem.2015.01.001

Forum for AI Research 2015, Cape Town

In 10 day’s time, the (CAIR-driven) Forum for Artificial Intelligence Research 2015 (FAIR’15) Workshop will be held at UCT in Cape Town, South Africa, from March 30 to April 2. There are still some spaces available; registration is free, but please register (for catering purposes). What will you get for this ‘bargain price’? A lot of food for the mind!

FAIR’15 follows the same format as the previous 7 editions that went under various acronyms since 2008 (among others, MOWS, MOSS, MAIS, FAIR), with a mini-course, a tutorial, and postgraduate student presentations. This edition has the following on offer.

Ulrike Sattler (University of Manchester, UK) will present a mini-course on automated reasoners in the mornings. She will go into the details of what really happens when you click that menu option “start reasoner” and Protégé’s “?” that explains the deductions, and what are the factors that influence the reasoner’s performance.

David Toman (University of Waterloo, Canada) will present a 2-hour tutorial on using knowledge representation and reasoning (logic) for query optimization in relational databases and ontology-based data access (i.e., advanced aspects of database systems implementation).

Further, there are several sessions with postgraduate student presentations. Among others, Catherine Chavula will talk about new results (cf. [1]) in multilingual ontologies, Zubeida Khan will talk about foundational ontology interchangeability (details in [2]), and (very recently MSc cum laude graduated!) Nasubo Ongoma will present her thesis on logic-based temporal conceptual data modeling (including material from [3]). Gavin Rens will talk about probabilistic belief change, Kody Moodley on defeasible reasoning for description logics, Henriette Harmse about scenario testing with OWL, and Nishal Morar on taxonomic classification.

Aurona Gerber will give an overview of Data Science at CSIR, and for some more variety in the programme, I’ll talk about the stuff ontology [4]. Check the programme for all titles of the presentations and the abstracts of the mini-course and tutorial.

An important aim of FAIR is the networking among people in Southern Africa, and share and discuss informally our research in (predominantly) KR&R and related areas—so if the above topics sound interesting, or made you curious, or you would like to meet a potential MSc/PhD supervisor, you’re welcome to join (note: some basic knowledge of logics will be needed to understand the talks, though). If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact one of the organisers, Arina Britz and me.

References

[1] Chavula, C., Keet, C.M. Is Lemon Sufficient for Building Multilingual Ontologies for Bantu Languages? 11th OWL: Experiences and Directions Workshop (OWLED’14). Keet, C.M., Tamma, V. (Eds.). Riva del Garda, Italy, Oct 17-18, 2014. CEUR-WS vol. 1265, 61-72.

[2] Khan, Z.C., Keet, C.M. Feasibility of automated foundational ontology interchangeability. 19th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (EKAW’14). K. Janowicz et al. (Eds.). 24-28 Nov, 2014, Linkoping, Sweden. Springer LNAI 8876, 225-237.

[3] Keet, C.M., Ongoma, E.A.N. Temporal Attributes: their Status and Subsumption. Asia-Pacific Conference on Conceptual Modelling (APCCM’15). Koehler, H., Saeki, M. (Eds.), Conferences in Research and Practice in Information Technology (CRPIT), Vol. 165. 27-30 January, 2015, Sydney, Australia.

[4] Keet, C.M. A core ontology of macroscopic stuff. 19th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (EKAW’14). K. Janowicz et al. (Eds.). 24-28 Nov, 2014, Linkoping, Sweden. Springer LNAI vol. 8876, 209-224.